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Home / Industries / Bulk Chemical Loading / Ethyl Chloride (CH3CH2CI) Handling Design, Loading, and Installation.
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Although no two Ethyl Chloride Loading solutions will be identical, the product itself determines much of the critical design criteria that will ensure that optimum safety and productivity can work together in harmony.
Ethyl Chloride or Chloroethane is a man-made chemical compound that was once widely used in producing tetraethyl lead, a gasoline additive. More recently, it’s used as a medical ingredient to control pain, and for the temporary relief of minor sports injuries.
When topically applied to the skin, Ethyl Chloride creates an instantaneous numbing and cooling effect on the skin surface thereby producing a temporary anesthetic effect.
Ethyl Chloride is typically shipped in DOT-111A and 112A insulated tank cars with safety valves that meet the DOT specification for the transportation of Ethyl Chloride and other like commodities. The rails cars themselves are ~ 9′ outside diameter with an overall length of ~45’ to 60′, with a 6’ x 6’ center opening or off-set opening crash boxView Full Text
All trailers must be equipped with pressure relief valves, and trailers with bottom outlets must. Tank truck (un)loading procedures are similar to railcar applications with the trailers meeting established DOT requirements for hauling titanium ethyl chloride or like commodities. Approved DOT trailers include MC 300 thru MC 312, MC 330, and MC 331 be equipped with remote controlled stop valves.
In the United States, Ethyl Chloride is typically a “tight-fill” (closed-loop) loading operation and is loaded into rail cars via chemical hoses or 3” stainless steel loading arms. Ethyl Chloride, if not handled properly can cause serious injuries and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required. Additionally, because operators are on top of the vehicles during the loading process, fall prevention is essential, not only for safety but increases throughput.
Trailers are top unloaded. An extension pipe with two valves is flanged to the top of the trailer. One valve is located at the top, and the other is at the end of the pipe on the bottom for easy access. Trailers should arrive on-site with blind flanges.
Ethyl Chloride Acid Loading Platform
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Below are some of the loading and unloading solutions for illustrative purposes only. Our experts will work with you and your team for a custom solution to suit your needs.
Ethyl Chloride Loading Arms
Ethyl Chloride is typically loaded into railcars or tank trucks via boom supported stainless steel loading arms or chemical hoses with a flange connection. The arm or hose will have a top inlet with a control valve to ensure that it is self-draining after use and is supported along the length of a mechanical loading arm to improve handling; this is known as a by-pass arm. You can install one liquid and one vapor arm, or mount both the liquid and vapor hoses on one by-pass arm.
For unloading, typically you would use a rigid stainless steel self-draining loading arm with Nitrile (TS), Teflon or Viton seals. Purge lines can be fitted to the arm, for nitrogen purging. Additional features such as parking latches with proximity sensors can be incorporated into the total system to ensure the arm is correctly stowed when not in use, before any rail movement can occur.
Note: unloading hoses must be replaced annually to ensure their integrity.
Ethyl Chloride Loading Gangways and Safety Cages
A wider access gangway (48″-60″ is preferable) as it helps improve access and egress to and from the vessel. In addition, a wider gangway will reduce the risk of the operator’s PPE getting caught, torn or damaged, and will improve productivity and safety. Powered gangway solutions are also an option, with both hydraulic and pneumatic solutions being commonly used.
Each gangway will be fitted with a two-rail safety cage for the railcar crash box. This will be a centered 6’x6′ safety cage to sit directly over the cashbox. This will provide a safe, secure work environment for your operator when connected to their breathing apparatus
GX FLAT RAMP ACCESS (FRT) GANGWAY
SafeRack’s NEW GX-FRT is a flat ramp model popular with railcars. It features a slip-resistant walk surface and, with the use of the telescoping extension, eliminates gaps on narrow railcars. Learn More
Ethyl Chloride Eye Wash/Drench Showers
ANSI guidelines state that an Eye Wash/Drench Showers need to be located 10 seconds or 55′ (16.8m) from contaminants or hazardous materials.
Eyewash stations need to be on the same horizontal plane with no obstructions.
Therefore, we would propose the installation of a standard combination Drench Shower/Eyewash Unit, which will save limited space and fit easily into any work environment.
Ethyl Chloride Spill Containment
Spill containment pans will be provided at the point of loading operations and is an essential piece of equipment in overall site safety and environmental protection
Ethyl Chloride Grounding
Ethyl Chloride is highly flammable, and industry best practice includes the grounding of all vessels before starting the (un)loading process.
- Ground controllers — ensure true grounding before product flow is permitted
- Explosion-proof enclosures — meet or exceed UL, CSA, and Ex requirements
Ethyl Chloride Safety Gates
Safety Gates will be installed at the top of stairs and any other openings to ensure operator safety at all times.
YellowGate Safety Gates
SafeRack’s line of industrial safety gates is the most flexible product on the market with the ability span openings between 16″ and 36″ and is field adjustable with nothing more than a wrench. Learn More
Ethyl Chloride Options
- Lighting – Lighting both over and under the platform will be provided. For overcast days or second shift, lighting is essential for improved safety and improved productivity.
- Platform & Canopies – Full platform canopies reduce exposure to the elements and improve the safe and productive loading operation from the operator’s perspective.
- Operator Shelter – Depending on your site requirements, consideration should be given to the requirement of an operator or guard building on the loading platform. This can be customized to meet specific site requirements.
- Wheel Chocks – Railcar Wheel Chocks provide fast blocking of all types of railcars and meet OSHA regulations to safely prevent railroad cars from moving during loading or unloading operations. This is a requirement by the Department of Homeland Security.
Personal Protective Equipment PPE Requirements
Mandatory Safety Attire: H2O2 should never come in contact with combustible materials such as cloth or leather. Stepping in even a small puddle of concentrated H2O2 can initiate combustion of leather footwear.
Eye/Face Protection: Wear “snug fitting” chemical safety goggles with a full face shield.
Skin Protection: Wear chemical protective clothing e.g. gloves, aprons, boots. Best practice includes protective chemical, full-body encapsulating suit made of vinyl, neoprene, PVC or polyethylene. As well as, a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Suitable materials include: butyl rubber, Viton®, Viton®/butyl rubber, Barrier® – PE/PA/PE, Silver Shield® – PE/EVAL/PE, Trellchem® HPS, Trellchem® VPS, Saranex®™, Tychem® BR/LV, Tychem® Responder® CSM, Tychem® TK. The following materials should NOT be used: neoprene, nylon, polyvinyl chloride
Respiratory Protection: Up to 5 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against chlorine*; or Any supplied-air respirator*.
*Reported to cause eye irritation or damage; may require eye protection.
APF = Assigned Protection Factor
Recommendations apply only to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respirators. Refer to the NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards for more information.
Use a local exhaust ventilation and enclosure, if necessary, to control the amount in the air. Consider using a corrosion-resistant exhaust ventilation system separate from other ventilation systems. It may be necessary to use stringent control measures such as process enclosure to prevent product release into the workplace. Use backup controls (e.g. double mechanical pump seals) to prevent the release of this material due to equipment failure. * For illustrative purposes only. Our experts will work with you and your team for a custom solution to suit your needs
MAJOR ETHYL CHLORIDE PRODUCER WHERE WE HAVE SUCCESSFULLY EXECUTED ETHYL CHLORIDE LOADING PROJECTS
Customer Reviews5 5The product speaks for itself.
Molly was very helpful in that she came in and took measurements and placed the order as soon as she was done. She was very professional and acted quick to my needs. It is a great product – very light in weight, sturdy and it is very safe to use. The product speaks for itself. I have had great experience with the product.By Rene Correa from NuStar Energy on 9/30/165 5Our replacement part was of great quality and arrived very fast.
Our SafeRack representative Phyllis was great. Our replacement part was of great quality and arrived very fast.By RJ Teune from G & G Rebuilders on 5/8/124 5Cuts operational cost as well as being an ergonomic asset.
Very good product design with a large view area of site glass, cuts operational cost as well as being an ergonomic asset, and cuts percentage of costly lost time accidents.By Ed Guillory from Kinder Morgan on 10/23/125 5Very responsive.
Quality… Quicker than expected. All positive.By Eugene Lane from Gencor Industries Inc. on 8/29/185 5My experience during the project with sales and installation were all positive.
I wouldn’t hesitate to contact SafeRack again for future projects of this nature. My experience during the project with sales and installation were all positive. Sales staff was friendly and patient with scope questions/changes. Looking forward to putting the new dock with loading arm into service.By Jerry Choate from Murphy Oil USA on 11/7/115 5My sales rep was Johnny on the spot.
Product was delivered quicker than I thought it would get here. I was looking at possibly 6 to 7 weeks. We received it in about 3 weeks. My sales rep was Johnny on the spot. He gave me a couple of follow up calls that helped a lot. We have used SafeRack for some time, and will continue to use SafeRack. The products are better quality, last longer, and for me personally, they look better. I have recommended them to our other terminals, and most have switched over.By Mike Glaze from Buzzi Unicem on 7/7/16
Ethyl Chloride 101
Things to know about Ethyl Chloride
Ethyl Chloride is a man-made substance with a faintly sweet smell or order. When refrigerated under high pressure it becomes a liquid; but Ethyl Chloride is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature.
Best practice loading/unloading includes wearing chemical-resistant clothing, gloves, splash goggles, and respirator at all times to protect eyes, lungs, and skin.
Vapor health hazards include the feeling of drunkenness, anesthesia effects and possible lung injury if inhaled. Liquid exposure may cause frostbite on the eyes and skin. Fortunately, the effects are reversible but become more noticeable and serious as the length of time of exposure increases.
Ethyl Chloride is a flammable gas with a flash point of -58 degrees F and a boiling point of 54 degrees F. It’s less dense than water, insoluble in water and the vapors are heavier than air. In the event of a spill or leak, exit the area immediately. Eliminate heat and ignition sources such as sparks, open flames, hot surfaces, and static discharge. Post “No Smoking” signs.
Only properly trained and equipped personnel should be permitted to unload tank trucks. Operators should wear an approved respiratory protective device, and impervious clothing, footwear, gloves, and goggles.
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL) @ 100 ppm in an 8 hour day.
Ethyl Chloride is not compatible with aluminum, cast iron or carbon steel, so great care should be taken to avoid contact with these materials. However, galvanized or stainless steel have little to no effect when exposed to Ethyl Chloride.
Is your plant or facility compliant with ANSI, OSHA, and local safety codes? We can help!
EMERGENCY EYEWASHES / SHOWER EQUIPMENT AND THE ANSI/ISEA Z358.1 – 2014 STANDARD
Following eye contact, you must start washing with water immediately to prevent permanent damage. In the event of skin contact, you must start washing with water immediately to prevent slow-healing chemical burns.
Are you aware that ANSI guidelines state that Eye Wash/Drench Showers need to be located 10 seconds or 55′ from contaminates or hazardous materials and located on the same horizontal plane, with no obstructions? If bottom loading/unloading, an additional shower should be located at grade as well. SafeRack provides the above equipment plus much more needed to keep employees safe and expedite bulk chemical loading and unloading.
OSHA Regulation Experts – Does your existing chemical safety equipment or chemical loading systems meet OSHA’s latest requirements? SafeRack’s professional technical sales consultants are available to meet with your team to make recommendations to keep your facility in front of OSHA’s ever-changing country and region-specific standards and regulations, including lifeline and trolley beam fall arrest systems, metal stairs, and access platforms.
The SafeRack approach is a collaborative one. Let’s call it The SafeRack Way. We have, over many years amassed a great deal of experience and understanding of the safety aspects involved in loading road tankers and railcars, as well as the behavioral habits of the operators.
Experts In Chemical Loading
- Aluminum Sulfate
- Ammonium Nitrate
- DEF (Diesel Exhaust Fluid)
- Dodecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
- Ethyl Chloride
- Ferrous Chloride
- Hydrochloric Acid
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Methyl Ethyl Ketone
- Molten Sulphur
- Nitric Acid
- Renewable Diesel
- Sodium Hypochlorite
- Sulfuric Acid
- Sulfur Dioxide
- Titanium Tetrachloride
- UAN (Urea Ammonium Nitrate)
- Vinyl Chloride
- Specialty Chemical
North America’s largest loading terminal
World-leading designer, manufacturer, and installer of truck and railcar loading platforms
As one of the primary railcar loading points, Hardisty is one of the major crude oil hubs in North America and a major origination point of pipelines that export to the United States. SCS was asked to supply and construct a SafeRack crude oil loadout terminal spanning nearly half a mile. The USD Hardisty terminal can load up to two 120-railcar unit trains per day and consists of a fixed loading rack with 62 railcar loading positions enclosed, separate control, operator and mechanical buildings, as well as a unit train staging area and loop tracks capable of holding multiple unit trains simultaneously. SCS also supplied and installed boom-supported loading arms with supply and vapor management systems.
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Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina