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Although no two Turpentine Loading solutions will be identical, the product itself determines much of the critical design criteria that will ensure that optimum safety and productivity can work together in harmony.
Turpentine is an important by-product recovered from the kraft pulping of resinous woods in paper mills.
Turpentine is a yellow-colored, sticky liquid that is harvested from pine trees; it can turn into vapor very easily, and it can catch fire. Oil of turpentine is a colorless liquid with a very strong smell. Other names for turpentine include gum spirits, wood turpentine, gum turpentine spirits of turpentine.View Full Text
In the United States, Turpentine is a “tight-fill” (closed-loop) loading operation and is loaded into rail cars via chemical hoses or 3” carbon or stainless steel loading arms. Turpentine, if not handled properly can cause serious injuries and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required. Additionally, because operators are on top of the vehicles during the loading process, robust, well-designed fall prevention is essential to ensure increased throughput, without compromising operator safety.
Turpentine is typically shipped in 26,000 gallon DOT-111 insulated or non-insulated tank cars with safety valves that meet the DOT specification for the transportation of oleum and other like commodities. The rails cars themselves are ~ 9′ outside diameter with an overall length of ~45’ to 50′, with a 6’ x 6’ center opening or off-set crash box openings.
Tank truck (un)loading procedures are similar to railcar applications with the trailers meeting established DOT requirements for transporting Turpentine or other like commodities. Approved DOT trailers include MC 307 or low pressure chemical ISO containers. Trailers and ISO’s are typically bottom unloaded. An extension pipe with two valves is flanged to the top of the trailer.
All trailers must be equipped with pressure relief valves; and trailers with bottom outlets must be equipped with remote controlled stop valves.
Typical Turpentine Loading Platform
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Below are some of the loading and unloading solutions for illustrative purposes only. Our experts will work with you and your team for a custom solution to suit your needs.
Turpentine Loading Arms
Turpentine is typically loaded into railcars or tank trucks via boom supported carbon steel or stainless steel loading arms or chemical hoses with a flange connection. The arm or hose will have a top inlet with a control valve to ensure that it is self-draining after use and is supported along the length of a mechanical loading arm to improve handling; this is known as a by-pass arm. You can install one liquid and one vapor arm, or mount both the liquid and vapor hoses on one by-pass arm.
For unloading, typically you would use a rigid carbon or stainless steel self-draining loading arm with Nitrile, PTFE or Viton seals, Purge lines can be fitted to the arm, for nitrogen purging. Additional features such as parking latches with proximity sensors can be incorporated into the total system to ensure the arm is correctly stowed when not in use, before any rail movement can occur.
Loading Gangways and Safety Cages
A wider access gangway (48″-60″ is preferable) as it helps improve access and egress to and from the vessel. In addition, a wider gangway will reduce the risk of the operator’s PPE getting caught, torn or damaged, and will improve productivity and safety. Powered gangway solutions are also an option, with both hydraulic and pneumatic solutions being commonly used.
Each gangway will be fitted with a two-rail safety cage for the railcar crash box. This will be a centered 6’x6’ safety cage to sit directly over the cashbox. This will provide a safe, secure work environment for your operator when connected to their breathing apparatus
GX FLAT RAMP ACCESS (FRT) GANGWAY
SafeRack’s NEW GX-FRT is a flat ramp model popular with railcars. It features a slip-resistant walk surface and, with the use of the telescoping extension, eliminates gaps on narrow railcars. Learn More
Turpentine Eye Wash/Drench Showers
ANSI guidelines state that an Eye Wash/Drench Showers need to be located 10 seconds or 55’ (16.8m) from contaminants or hazardous materials. Eyewash stations need to be on the same horizontal plane with no obstructions.
Therefore, we would propose the installation of a standard combination Drench Shower/Eyewash Unit, which will save limited space and fit easily into any work environment.
Turpentine Spill Containment
Spill containment pans will be provided at the point of loading operations and is an essential piece of equipment in overall site safety and environmental protection
Turpentine is a flammable liquid and vapor. Industry best practice includes the grounding of all vessels before starting the (un)loading process.
- Ground controllers — ensure true grounding before product flow is permitted
- Explosion-proof enclosures — meet or exceed UL, CSA, and Ex requirements
- Non-sparking tools are also recommended while working around this product
Turpentine Safety Gates
Safety Gates will be installed at the top of stairs and any other openings to ensure operator safety at all times.
YellowGate Safety Gates
SafeRack’s line of industrial safety gates is the most flexible product on the market with the ability span openings between 16” and 36” and is field adjustable with nothing more than a wrench. Learn More
- Lighting – Lighting both over and under the platform will be provided. For overcast days or second shift, lighting is essential for improved safety and improved productivity.
- Platform & Canopies – Full platform canopies reduce exposure to the elements and improve the safe and productive loading operation from the operator’s perspective.
- Operator Shelter – Depending on your site requirements, consideration should be given to the requirement of an operator or guard building on the loading platform. This can be customized to meet specific site requirements
- Wheel Chocks – Railcar Wheel Chocks provide fast blocking of all types of railcars and meet OSHA regulations to safely prevent railroad cars from moving during loading or unloading operations. This is a requirement by the Department of Homeland Security
Personal Protective Equipment PPE Requirements
Eye/Face Protection: Wear chemical safety goggles. A face shield (with safety goggles) may also be necessary.
Skin Protection: Wear chemical protective clothing e.g. gloves, aprons, boots. Coveralls or long sleeve shirts and pants in some operations. Wear a chemical protective, full-body encapsulating suit, and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Suitable materials include: butyl rubber, neoprene rubber, Viton®, Viton®/butyl rubber, Barrier® – PE/PA/PE, Silver Shield® – PE/EVAL/PE, Trellchem® HPS, Trellchem® VPS, Saranex®™, Tychem® BR/LV, Tychem® Responder® CSM, Tychem® TK. The following materials should NOT be used: natural rubber, polyvinyl chloride. Recommendations are NOT valid for very thin neoprene rubber gloves (0.3 mm or less).
Respiratory Protection: Up to 5 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against turpentine*; or Any supplied-air respirator*.
*Reported to cause eye irritation or damage; may require eye protection.
APF = Assigned Protection Factor
Recommendations apply only to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respirators. Refer to the NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards for more information.
Use a local exhaust ventilation and enclosure, if necessary, to control the amount in the air. Consider using a corrosion-resistant exhaust ventilation system separate from other ventilation systems. It may be necessary to use stringent control measures such as process enclosure to prevent product release into the workplace. Use backup controls (e.g. double mechanical pump seals) to prevent the release of this material due to equipment failure. * For illustrative purposes only. Our experts will work with you and your team for a custom solution to suit your needs
Customer Reviews4 5Thanks and keep up the great work!
Bryce did a fantastic job of answering my questions, providing feedback, quick quotes, delivery, etc. I had one question that Bryce did not know off the top of his head, so he dug into the details and quickly returned an answer. As well as providing options for future orders. Thanks and keep up the great work!By Brian Van Blaricom from Liquidyne Process Technologies, Inc. on 1/17/134 5These products work very well for all of our applications and are well-priced.
Dave Young is very responsive to all of our needs. All inquiries are received in a timely manner. These products work very well for all of our applications and are well priced for the applications. Yes, I can buy similar products from other suppliers at competitive prices, but I do not get anywhere near the expertise, customer service, and prompt delivery that SafeRack provides.By Mike Amos from E.I. DuPont De Nemours & Company on 5/4/115 5Good communication about changes in delivery schedule.
We had good discussion about product attributes/benefits, prompt quote and entering of order, good communication about changes in delivery schedule (the customers may not like delays, but prefer accurate delivery information vs. misleading information)- Chris communicated timing and potential manufacturing delays promptly. We received the product in 6 weeks.By Terry Watkins from Styron LLC on 11/16/114 5These are the best retrofit safety gates that I have ever seen.
The experience with SafeRack was helpful and easy and the product is of very good quality and easy to install. Chris Hite was very responsive and kept us informed of delivery date. As for the gates, these are the best retrofit safety gates that I have seen. The thought process to make them fit virtually any application is excellent. I like the bright yellow color and the versatility of which way the opened; the ease of setting tension. They were easy to assemble and install. I would recommend them because of the ease of installation and assembly.By Marshall Carter from Calpine Corporation on 2/28/125 5Quality and great service
Quick shipping…very fast. The whole team did a great job.By Randy Gaines from Arkansas Mill Supply on 8/15/185 5Thank you for your fast service.
Our main concerns here [are] safety and reliability. The gangways have proven to be the safest option for gaining access to the rail cars. The units have been very dependable, including one unit that is over 15 years old, and they were innovative. Due to difficulty placing all the tankers, SafeRack incorporated two of the gangways on a sliding track allowing for much needed adjustment.By Randy Mehalko from Domtar Paper Company, LLC on 5/29/18
Things to know about Turpentine
Turpentine is regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and is classified as a flammable material with the DOT identification number UN 1299.
In the past, turpentine was primarily used as a paint and varnish thinner. It was also used in printing, hair products and medicines. It is still used in some paints and coatings today. However, less costly products have replaced the use of turpentine in paints. Now the major use of turpentine is a raw material for the chemical industry.
Turpentine is separated from wood chips after they have been “cooked” in the kraft paper-making process. It is then further separated or refined using fractional distillation.
The US Pulp industry recovers about 30 million gallons of turpentine annually. It is obtained through the distillation of resin that is harvested mainly from pine trees. It is a solvent. It is used for thinning oil-based paints, in producing varnishes, and is a raw material used to synthesize resins, insecticides, oil additives, pine oil used in perfumes for soaps and cosmetics, and camphor in the chemical industry. Turpentine is also used as a rubber solvent in the manufacture of plastics.
Only properly trained and equipped personnel should be permitted to (un)load turpentine tank cars and tank trucks. Operators should wear approved PPE equipment including impervious clothing, footwear, gloves, and goggles.
As an organic solvent, its vapor can irritate the skin and eyes, damage the lungs and respiratory system, as well as the central nervous system when inhaled. Because turpentine can cause spasms of the airways particularly in people with asthma and whooping cough, it can contribute to a worsening of breathing issues in persons with these diseases.
Ingestion can cause burning sensations, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, confusion, convulsions, diarrhea, renal system damage, and unconsciousness.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has set the legal limit (permissible exposure limit) for turpentine exposure in the workplace as 100 ppm (560 mg/m3) over an 8-hour workday. The same threshold was adopted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as the recommended exposure limit (REL). At levels of 8000 ppm (4,448 mg/m3), turpentine is immediately dangerous to life and health.
First aid measures for exposure include – removing operators from the source of exposure and into fresh air. Remove contaminated clothing immediately; wash skin thoroughly with soap and water; flush eyes with tepid water for 15 minutes. If ingested do not induce vomiting, but immediately call your local poison control center. Aspiration into the lungs can cause fatal chemical pneumonitis. If ingestion has occurred, assume there is a risk of aspiration into the lungs.
Turpentine is volatile, and very flammable (flash point 35.0o C), therefore great precautions must be taken to reduce the risk of fire and explosion. Explosion-proof (Class I Div I) electric components must be used in the loading/unloading areas along with grounding equipment to help eliminate static electricity.
Is your plant or facility compliant with ANSI, OSHA, and local safety codes? We can help!
EMERGENCY EYEWASHES / SHOWER EQUIPMENT AND THE ANSI/ISEA Z358.1 – 2014 STANDARD
Following eye contact, you must start washing with water immediately to prevent permanent damage. In the event of skin contact, you must start washing with water immediately to prevent slow-healing chemical burns.
Are you aware that ANSI guidelines state that Eye Wash/Drench Showers need to be located 10 seconds or 55′ from contaminates or hazardous materials and located on the same horizontal plane, with no obstructions? If bottom loading/unloading, an additional shower should be located at grade as well. SafeRack provides the above equipment plus much more needed to keep employees safe and expedite bulk chemical loading and unloading.
OSHA Regulation Experts – Does your existing chemical safety equipment or chemical loading systems meet OSHA’s latest requirements? SafeRack’s professional technical sales consultants are available to meet with your team to make recommendations to keep your facility in front of OSHA’s ever-changing country and region-specific standards and regulations, including lifeline and trolley beam fall arrest systems, metal stairs, and access platforms.
The SafeRack approach is a collaborative one. Let’s call it The SafeRack Way. We have, over many years amassed a great deal of experience and understanding of the safety aspects involved in loading road tankers and railcars, as well as the behavioral habits of the operators.
Experts In Chemical Loading
- Aluminum Sulfate
- Ammonium Nitrate
- DEF (Diesel Exhaust Fluid)
- Dodecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
- Ethyl Chloride
- Ferrous Chloride
- Hydrochloric Acid
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Methyl Ethyl Ketone
- Molten Sulphur
- Nitric Acid
- Renewable Diesel
- Sodium Hypochlorite
- Sulfuric Acid
- Sulfur Dioxide
- Titanium Tetrachloride
- UAN (Urea Ammonium Nitrate)
- Vinyl Chloride
- Specialty Chemical
North America’s largest loading terminal
World-leading designer, manufacturer, and installer of truck and railcar loading platforms
As one of the primary railcar loading points, Hardisty is one of the major crude oil hubs in North America and a major origination point of pipelines that export to the United States. SCS was asked to supply and construct a SafeRack crude oil loadout terminal spanning nearly half a mile. The USD Hardisty terminal can load up to two 120-railcar unit trains per day and consists of a fixed loading rack with 62 railcar loading positions enclosed, separate control, operator and mechanical buildings, as well as a unit train staging area and loop tracks capable of holding multiple unit trains simultaneously. SCS also supplied and installed boom-supported loading arms with supply and vapor management systems.
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Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina
Located in South Carolina