Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Handling Design, Loading, and Installation

Although no two HCl Loading solutions will be identical, the product itself determines much of the critical design criteria that will ensure that optimum safety and productivity can work together in harmony.

What is Hydrochloric Acid? Hydrochloric Acid also known as muriatic acid, is an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride. It is a colorless solution with a distinctively pungent smell.

In the United States, HCl is typically a “tight-fill” (closed-loop) loading operation and is loaded into trucks or rail cars via chemical hoses or by-pass arms. HCl, if not handled properly can be fatal and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required. Additionally, because operators are on top of the vehicles during the loading process, fall prevention is essential, not only for safety but increases throughput.

Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Transport

HCl is typically transported in 20,800-gallon non-insulated rubber lined tank cars. Rail cars have a typical overall length of ~44′, with  6’x6′ centered or off-set crash boxes. When transporting HCl over the road, smaller barrel (diameter) acid trailers are typically used. Since acid is heavier than water these trailers often carry the same weight as a comparable tank truck

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